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INSTRUCTIONS TO MONITORS


Bachelor of Science Agriculture B.Sc. Agric (Animal Health)- North West University; Diploma Animal Health -North West University; National Diploma Animal Health- UNISA (Previously Technikon SA)

1. Monitors are reminded of the fact that they may not participate in the examination of the students, as the examiners are appointed by the University in terms of the laws governing the universities.

2. Attention is drawn to the following relevant portions of Act 19, 1982:

"(2) (a) Every university or other educational institution in the Republic granting degrees, diplomas or certificates which are prescribed in terms of subsections (1) shall furnish the council-

(i) annually at the prescribed time with the prescribed particulars relating to the students who are enrolled there for such degrees, diplomas or certificates;
(ii) at its request with full particulars as to the minimum age and standard of general education required of students, the course of study, training and examination required of students before such degrees, diplomas or certificates are granted, the results of such examinations conducted by it, and such other particulars regarding any matter mentioned in this subparagraph as the council may require."

NOTE: Other particulars required by Council in terms of subparagraph (ii)

On completion of the examination every university or other educational institution shall furnish the Council with-

- Information pertaining to the format of the examination and where applicable, the marked and signed students written answers from the examiners and the results of such examinations; and

- The frequency of student evaluations, the basis of mark allocation and weighting thereof, including relevant university / faculty rules governing year marks, examination marks and promotion of students;

" (b) If the council deems it expedient, it may designate a person to be present when the examinations for such degree, diploma or certificate are conducted

(c) A person so designated by the council -

(i) may at all reasonable times enter upon the premises of a university or other educational institution concerned in order to be present when the examinations concerned are conducted;

(ii) shall be afforded all reasonable assistance required by him to enable him to be present when the examinations are conducted; and

(iii) shall report his findings to the council
3. Monitors should acquaint themselves with the minimum standards set out by the South African Veterinary Council in the accompanying document entitled:

Regulations pertaining to the under-graduate training of students for a degree, the holder of which shall be entitled to registration as a veterinarian in terms of Regulation 19 of Act 19 of 1982

Or where applicable

Regulations pertaining to the training of students for a diploma, the holder of which shall be entitled to registration as a veterinary nurse in terms of Regulation 19 of Act 19 of 1982."

4. Monitors are expected to acquaint themselves with the details of the relevant subject course (s) to be monitored by them. Course details will be available from the council's offices at least 30 days prior to the onset of the examination.

5. The monitor must

Attend at least 25 % of the oral/practical components of the examinations;

Make provision for monitoring of all examination panels (small animals, horses and production animals);

Evaluate at least 10% of the written answer sheets; and

Attend a post oral examination meeting.

For a written examination the monitor must contact the head of department should there by any problems.

The onus is on the monitor to address and have resolved at a meeting any problems he/she might have. The monitor should also have had insight into the written marked papers, where applicable, before finalising his written report as soon as possible thereafter.

NOTE: The Monitor’s report (favourable or unfavourable) will be sent to the office of the Dean for comment and comment received will be forwarded to the Monitors.

The final assessment in the monitor’s report reads:

"Overall is the course content and standard of training and evaluation adequate for the purposes for registration as a veterinary nurse? YES or NO?"

If the reply after a problem solving meeting remains NO, the Education Committee of the Council, with the support of the Secretariat, will then take responsibility to facilitate a meeting between the Monitor, Head of Department, Course coordinator, External and Internal Examiners and the Dean of the Faculty for clarification and discussion of problems. The Chairperson of the Education Committee or his/her appointee will chair these meetings

6. After completion of the task, complete and return to the offices of the Council the form: Report on examinations.

NOTE: The services of the Secretariat i.e. to liaise between the monitor and all other parties are available at all times.

MONITOR REPORT FORM

ANIMAL HEALTH TECHNICIANS HOLDERS OF QUALIFICATIONS OTHER THAN THE PRESCRIBED QUALIFICATIONS

AHT's who are in possession of one of the qualifications listed below had to make application to Council by not later than 4 December 2004.  This date has been extended by Council to 3 June 2005.  No applications other than application for automatic registration (holders of prescribed qualifications) will be considered after 30 September 2006.

AHT's who are not in possession of prescribed  qualifications or qualifications not accepted by Council had to apply before 4 June 2004 to sit an examination and if passed, they will be entitled register as Animal Health Technicians

In the event that you are a holder of another qualification, but practised the profession of AHT for a continuous period of at least five years prior to 4 December  2004 when the profession was promulgated and seek registration your qualification will be evaluated on receipt of your application for registration.  You have until 30 September 2006 to make application.

A persons who is not the holder of a prescribed qualification should apply for registration / authorisation before 30 September 2006.

Read the information herein below.

 

Submit completed application form to Council with the following documents and payment:

1. A certified copy of your IDENTIFICATION document;

2. A certified copy of a CERTIFICATE OF COMPETENCE in mathematics and physical science or biology issued for school leaving purposes by a competent secondary level schooling authority of South Africa; or

A certificate of equivalent status as approved by the Veterinary Council within the National Qualifiations Framework (NQF)

3. A certified copy of your TERTIARY qualification;

4. A letter from your employer that certifies your employment as AHT the past five years;

5. Passport photograph;

6. Go to home page and click on payments to Council for full details with regard to payment;

7. Go to home page and click on application forms and then to Para-Veterinarians. Forward the completed form with all your documents by surface mail.

8. If your qualification is not listed below go back to the page for Animal Health Technicians and click on qualifications not prescribed and not accepted.

LIST OF QUALIFICATIONS FOR ANIMAL HEALTH TECHNICIANS

Council was satisfied that the curriculum content of the formal qualifications listed below were sufficiently related to the profession of Animal Health Technicians, that holders thereof, who practiced the profession of AHT for a continuous period of at least five years prior to the publication of the profession, be registered in terms of section 20(5) (b) (i) without the need to sit an examination.

INSTITUTE

QUALIFICATION

ABBREVIATIONS

Bantu College

Diploma Animal Health

Dip. AH

Cedara Agricultural College

Diploma Agriculture

Dip. Agric

Cwaka Agricultural College

Diploma Animal Health

Dip. AH

Fort Cox College

National Diploma Veterinary Science/

Diploma Veterinary Science

ND. VS/

Dip. VS

Fort Cox College

National Diploma Animal Health/

Diploma Animal Health

ND. Animal Health/

Dip. AH

Fort Cox College

National Diploma Animal Production

ND: Animal Production

Glen College

National Certificate Agriculture/

Diploma Agriculture

N. Cert. Agric/

Dip Agric

Grootfontein Technicon

Diploma Agriculture

Dip. Agriculture

Grootfontein Technicon

National Diploma Animal Health

ND. AH

Mangusuthu Technicon

National Diploma Animal Production

ND. Animal Production

Owen Sithole College for Agriculture

Diploma Animal Health

Dip. AH

Potchefstroom Agricultural College

Diploma Agriculture

Dip. Agric

Potchefstroom Agricultural College

National Diploma Animal Health

ND. AH

Taung College

Diploma Animal Health

Dip. AH

Technicon Bophuthatswana

Diploma Animal Health

Dip. AH

Technicon OFS

Baccalaureus Tech Agricultural Management

B. Tech. Agric Man

Technicon Pretoria

Higher Diploma Technology Microbiology

HDT. Microbiology

Technicon Pretoria

National Diploma Agriculture

ND. Agric

Technicon Pretoria

National Diploma Agricultural Research and Zoology/

National Diploma Research and Zoology/

National Diploma Zoology and Public Health

ND. Research & Zoology

Technicon Pretoria

National Diploma Animal Husbandry and Research

ND. Animal

Husbandry & Research

Technicon Pretoria

National Diploma Animal Production

ND. Animal Production

Technicon Pretoria

National Diploma Field Services

ND. Field Services

Technicon Pretoria

National Diploma Meat Hygiene

ND. Meat Hygiene

Technicon Pretoria

National Diploma for Technicians

Technicon Pretoria

National Diploma Veterinary Technology

ND. Vet Tech

Technicon SA

National Diploma Animal Health

ND Animal Health

Technicon SA

National Diploma Animal Production

ND. Animal Production

Technicon SA

National Diploma Laboratory Animal Technology

ND. LAT

Tompi Seleka

National Diploma Animal Health/

Diploma Animal Health

ND. Animal Health/

Dip. AH

Tsolo

National Diploma Animal Health/

Diploma Animal Health

ND. Animal Health/

Dip. AH

University of Bophuthatswana (Unibo)/

University of the North West (UNIWEST)

Certificate Animal Health

Cert. Animal Health

University of the North West (UNIWEST)

National Diploma Animal Production

ND. Animal Production

University of Natal

Baccalaureus Scientiae Agriculture

B.Sc Agric

University of Pretoria

Baccalaureus Scientiae Animal Genetics

B.Sc Animal Genetics

University of Pretoria

Baccalaureus Commercii Agriculture

B.Com Agric

University of Stellenbosch

Baccalaureus Scientiae Agriculture

B.Sc Agric

University of the North West (UNIWEST)

Baccalaureus Scientiae Agriculture

B.Sc. Agric

University of the North West (UNIWEST)

Baccalaureus Scientiae Animal Health

B.Sc AH

University of the Orange Freestate (UOVS)

Baccalaureus Agriculture

B.Agric

University of Transkei

National Diploma Agriculture

ND. Agric

Vaaldriehoek Technicon

National Diploma Biotechnology

ND. Biotechnology

 

REGULATIONS

ANIMAL HEALTH TECHNICIANS

Qualifications for Registration to practise a Para-Veterinary Profession of Animal Health Technician.

[Reg. 21 and 27]

 

Degree, diploma

or Certificate

Granted by

Para-Veterinary profession

Designations reserved

B.Sc. Agric (Animal Health)

University of the North West*

Animal Health Technician……………

Animal Health Technician

Diploma Animal Health

University of the North West*

Animal Health Technician……………

Animal Health Technician

National Diploma Animal Health

Technikon South Africa**

Animal Health Technician……………

Animal Health Technician

 

* Merged and is now known as North West University

** Merged and is now known as Unisa

 

21D. Requirements for registration to practice a para-veterinary profession: Animal Health Technician

(1) Any applicant that applies for registration as an animal health technician must submit the following documents:

(a) a certificate of competence in mathematics and physical science or biology issued for school leaving purposes by a competent secondary level schooling authority of South Africa; or

(b) submit a certificate of equivalent status as approved by the Veterinary Council within the National Qualifications Framework.

(2)The diploma or degree referred to in regulation 21 which entitles a candidate to registration as an animal health technician must-

(a) comprise the completion of at least three academic years of study as a registered

animal health technician student; and

(b) be constituted of the subject courses specified in Table 8.

(3) Upon completion of a prescribed diploma or degree a registered animal health technician student may, if the registering authority is satisfied that the provisions of the Act and these regulations have been successfully complied with, be registered as an animal health technician in terms of the Act.

 

21E. Curriculum requirements for the para-veterinary profession of animal health technician

(1) The curriculum of any tertiary institution that offers a course of study for qualification, as an animal health technician shall comprise the subject courses specified in Table 8.

 

(2) The curriculum must impart a sound knowledge of farm animals and production systems to identify problems related to the breeding, feeding, management and economics of livestock production.

 

21F. Examination of the para-veterinary profession of animal health technician

 

(1) The examination for the diploma shall include examination in the subject courses specified in

Table 8.

(2) If the examination consists of a practical and a theoretical part , a minimum mark of 40 per

cent shall be obtained in each part.

(3) At least two examiners, one of whom was not involved in the teaching of the subject to the

candidate, shall participate in the assessment of each student.

(4) A candidate shall pass an examination in a subject if at least 50 per cent of the maximum

marks obtainable in the examination for that subject, is obtained.

TABLE 8

Subject Course

Minimum Academic Year

Contents and Instruction *

Macroscopic Anatomy

1

Morphology of domesticated animals, including birds, and shall include exposure and handling of dissected material and demonstrations on living animals.

Physiology

1

An elementary course in the physiology and physiological chemistry of the most important body systems of domesticated animals

Pharmacology and Toxicology

½

(a) Curative medication and assistance to veterinarians in the use of medicines, related substances and agro –chemicals used in primary animal health care;

(b) A basic understanding of the effects of poisonous plants on animal health, with a special emphasis on the control and prevention in southern Africa.

Para-clinical group:

Animal science group of subjects

Pathology group of subjects

1 ½

2

Poisonous plants and agro-chemicals

(a) Theoretical and practical instruction in

Basic genetics, breed characteristics, breeding, production systems, animal products, economics of production and related matters
Housing, management, care, handling and behaviour of animals
Minimum requirements for nutrition and feeding of animals, including nutritional imbalances and deficiencies
Application of primary animal health care
Deliverance of an animal health extension service;

(b) Practically orientated knowledge of veld and pastures, the management and utilization thereof in the maintenance and promotion of animal health and production with an emphasis on environmental conservation and veterinary extension services.

(a) Macroscopic anatomical pathology, including post mortem examinations with emphasis on the collection, preservation and dispatch of samples;

(b) A basic understanding of the pathogenesis of diseases caused by bacteria, viruses, protozoa, fungi and other pathogenic organisms, with a special emphasis on the control and prevention of those diseases of economic and zoonotic importance to southern Africa;

(c) The application and administration of provincial, national and international animal disease control measures in terms of existing certification and legislation;

(d) The collection, recording and processing of data as a support function in epidemiological surveys and investigations;

(e) Veterinary helminthology and entomology of importance to animal health and economics; and

(f) Field laboratory and technical procedures, including care and handling of laboratory apparatus, the collecting and dispatching of specimens/ samples for diagnostic purposes, preparation and examination of blood smears and skin and wool scrapings, and faeces samples and elementary clinical chemistry.

(g) The basic principles of the safety and hygiene of food of animal origin, including abattoir hygiene, meat inspection and relevant legislation.

Tuberculosis and

Brucellosis eradication schemes

12 Days

A course recognized and approved by the Department of Agriculture, comprising of TB and Brucellosis tests, TB and Brucellosis eradication schemes; wit special reference to the Animal Diseases Act and the regulations must be successfully completed.

*The course of instruction shall consist of an equal exposure to theoretical and practical instruction.

 

RULES FOR ANIMAL HEALTH TECHNICIANS

SCHEDULE



1. Definitions

Any word or expression in this Schedule to which a meaning has been assigned in the Act shall have that meaning, and

" Act" means the Veterinary and Para-veterinary Professions Act, 1982 (Act No. 19 of 1982), and the regulations made there under;

" Primary animal health care" means general care, disease prevention, parasite control, husbandry, housing and feeding of animals.

2. Services pertaining to the profession of animal health technician

For the purposes of the Act the following services must be deemed to be services which pertain to the Para-veterinary profession of animal health technician:

2.1   Surveillance and inspection of all livestock, poultry and game, and where relevant the reporting of all diseases listed by the Office International des Epizootics (OIE) guidelines in disease control areas, at livestock auctions, sales and during routine farm visits and inspections;

2.2    Implementation of vaccination programmes in livestock, in order to prevent, and/or control animal diseases and to strive towards establishing a disease free animal population and to administer these vaccines;

2.3    Implementation of parasite control programmes in livestock, in order to prevent, and/or control animal parasites and to strive towards establishing a parasite free animal population;

2.4    To carry out abattoir inspections and report in writing to the Veterinary Public Health Directorate/s of the National and Provincial Departments of Agriculture in respect of essential national standards;

2.5    To carry out meat inspections and other duties under the relevant abattoir legislation, if authorised thereto by the Provincial executive officer;

2.6    Perform delegated duties pertaining to regulated animal diseases, listed under the relevant animal disease control legislation, including the various eradication schemes, including but not limited to the -

2.6.1    brucellosis eradication scheme; and

2.6.2    taking of samples for the diagnosis by a veterinarian of Brucellosis in animals and the testing of animals for tuberculosis by means of a intradermal tuberculin test provided that the animal health technician has passed a course approved by the Department of Agriculture;

2.7    Extension services (including training and education) to farmers, community members and their children, to protect and promote the health and well being of animals;

2.8    The collection, capturing and evaluation of data and the compiling of reports whilst assisting with epidemiological and research projects;

2.9    The collection of specimens to assist in the investigation of reproductive and fertility problems in livestock;

2.10    The collection of samples, including blood smears, brain smears, impression smears, skin scrapings, wool scrapings, faecal samples but excluding the collection of samples by biopsy;

2.11    The examination and analysis of samples including blood smears, skin and wool scrapings, urine analysis and faecal samples and elementary clinical chemistry;

2.12    Carry out basic post mortem examinations and the collection and submission of samples for microbiological, toxicological, histopathological and serological investigation;

2.13    Artificial insemination provided that the animal health technician is registered as an inseminator with the Registrar Animal Improvement in terms of the Animal Improvement Act 1998 (Act No 62 of 1998);

2.13    Render primary animal health care to resource poor communities; and

2.14    Perform other duties authorised by legislation.

3. Procedures performed on animals

3.1 An animal health technician may carry out the following procedures on animals without veterinary supervision:

3.1.1 Open castrations of -

3.1.1.1 cattle under 3 (three) months;

3.1.1.2 sheep and goats under 2 (two) months; and

3.1.1.3 pigs up to 7 (seven) days;

3.1.2 Dehorning of immature animals under 4 (four) months;

3.1.3 Tail docking of-

3.1.3.1 pigs up to 7 (seven) days; and

3.1.3.2 sheep by using the open method under 2 (two) months and the elastrator method under 6 (six) weeks;

3.1.4 Feet trimming; and

3.1.5 Branding.

3.2    An animal health technician may carry out procedures on animals on instruction and supervision of a person registered to practise a veterinary profession, including but not limited to-

3.2.1 the lancing of abscesses;

3.2.2 the treatment of septic wounds; and

3.2.3 the administration of injections and medicines.

3.3    An animal health technician may assist the veterinarian when the veterinarian is performing surgery outside the theatre environment or under field conditions. (This rule was approved by Council on 24 July 2007, but is not yet amended and is not published in Government Gazette)

4. Execution of services

4.1 Notwithstanding the provisions of rules 2 and 3.2 an animal health technician must perform the services referred to in rule 2 only during the course of employment-

4.1.1 with the state; or

4.1.2 on behalf of a person -

4.1.2.1 registered to practise a veterinary profession; or

4.1.2.2 employing a person registered to practise a veterinary profession; or

4.1.3 during the course of employment by a person-

4.1.3.1 registered to practise a veterinary profession; or

4.1.3.2 employing a person registered to practise a veterinary profession.

4.2    Rules 2 and 3.2 must not be construed in a manner so as to prohibit any other person registered to practise a veterinary or Para-veterinary profession from performing procedures that pertain to their profession.

5. Emergency treatment

In a case of emergency an animal health technician may also render other services which fall within the scope of training and experience of an animal health technician and which are essential to save lives or relieve suffering in animals, on condition that a report thereon is made to the person referred to in rule 4 as soon as possible and the further treatment of such animal is entrusted to that person or another person registered to practise a veterinary profession.

6. Course of conduct for animal health technicians

6.1 A person who practices the Para-veterinary profession of Animal Health Technician must base his or her personal and professional conduct thereon that -

1.

he or she is a member of a learned and honourable profession and is required to act at all times in a manner that shall maintain and promote the prestige, honour, dignity and interest of the profession and of the persons by whom it is practised;
2.

he or she is morally obliged to serve the public to the best of his or her ability by maintaining, at all times, the highest standard of animal health care and professional conduct;
3.

he or she is to work in co-operation with colleagues and members of other professions in a responsible and professional manner; and
4.

he or she will not permit himself of herself to be exploited in a manner, which may be detrimental to an animal, the public or the profession.

6.2   An animal health technician must –

1.

execute tasks discerningly and faithfully and must refuse to take part in any unethical behaviour or procedure;
2.

keep himself or herself informed of all the laws which affect him or her in the practising of his or her profession;
3.

be familiar with the ethical rules applicable to animal health technicians and must promote these rules at all times;
4.

regard any information acquired during the course of his or her employment as strictly confidential and must refrain from divulging such information to any person except his or her employer;
5.

refrain from expressing any criticism in public through which the reputation, status or practise of a colleague in the profession is or could be undermined or injured, or through which a reflection is or could be cast on the professionalism skill, methods of conduct of such colleague; and
6.

at all times, keep detailed and accurate records of all information and procedures performed by him or her for at least three years.

6.3    All persons practising as Animal Health Technicians are working for the same good cause and they must therefore co-operate with each other and the authorities concerned to promote that cause.

6.4    The methods employed by a person practising as an Animal Health Technician must comply with the applicable minimum Good Laboratory Practice Code (GLP’s) and other standards as determined from time to time.

Links to African Council websites

Veterinary Statutory Bodies in Africa
http://www.rr-africa.oie.int/en/RC/en_vsbs.html

Veterinary Council of Namibia
http://www.van.org.na/section.php?secid=10

Veterinary Council of Zimbabwe (department of livestock and veterinary services)
http://www.dlvs.gov.zw/

Kenya Veterinary Board
http://kenyavetboard.org/

Veterinary Council of Tanzania
http://www.mifugouvuvi.go.tz/vertinary-council-of-tanzania/

Botswana Veterinary Association
http://www.bva.org.bw/bva_content.php?id=2

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