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South African Veterinary Council

AUTHORISATION : SECTION 23 (1) (c)

THIS POLICY GUIDELINE HAS BEEN REVIEWED BY AN AD HOC COMMITTEE OF COUNCIL AND THE POLICY WAS APPROVED BY COUNCIL ON 28 MAY 2002

AUTHORISATION IN TERMS OF
SECTION 23(1)(c) OF THE VETERINARY

AND PARA-VETERINARY PROFESSIONS ACT



Section 23 of the Veterinary and Para-Veterinary Professions Act (Act 19 of 1982) prohibits unregistered persons from practising any of the professions referred to in the Act or performing any of the procedures referred to in the Act. Whereas the Council would prefer all services rendered and/or procedures performed in terms of the Act to be rendered/performed by registered individuals, it recognises the need for such services to be rendered/procedures to be performed by other individuals under specific circumstances from time to time.

SECTION 23(1)(c) permits the Veterinary Council to authorise a non-registered person in writing to render FOR GAIN a service deemed to pertain specially to a veterinary or para-veterinary profession. Gain can be direct or indirect for own account or within the scope of employment with any employer, including the State, and includes professional experience gained as a result of such employment. The authority granted is subject to such conditions as the Council may determine.

Whereas the main objective of Council is to have all persons performing these activities registered as veterinary or para-veterinary professionals, authorisation is aimed at promoting good standards of practice and protecting the professions as well as members of the public through maintenance of the ethical code and disciplinary powers of the Council.

It must be noted that the practising of a veterinary or para-veterinary profession means the rendering of any service deemed by the rules to relate specially to the veterinary or relevant para-veterinary profession or the supplying or selling of any veterinary medicine, as defined. Specific attention is particularly given to the performing of any act aimed at the diagnosing, treating or preventing of any pathological condition in any animal or which constitutes a surgical operation on any animal.

The following information serves as a guideline for those who wish to make application to the Veterinary Council for authorisation in terms of Section 23 of the Veterinary and Para-Veterinary Professions Act (Act 19 of 1982) to render for gain a service deemed to pertain specially to a veterinary or para-veterinary profession.

All applicants should take note of the Council document relating to workpermits

 




GENERAL GUIDELINES TO MAKE APPLICATION FOR AUTHORISATION UNDER SECTION 23(1)(c)

Authorisation in terms of SECTION 23(1)(c) of the Act will be considered for persons in temporary or full-time employment of academic institutions, research institutions, industrial institutions, service organisations, animal welfare organisations and/or private employers upon receipt of the following from the relevant employer:

1. A standard application form together with a full curriculum vitae of the applicant;
2. Details of the employer, the registered person under whose supervision the applicant will work and the functions, procedures and tasks to be performed by the applicant;
3. Proof of the qualifications, competency, capabilities and training of the applicant;
4. Proof of the merit, need and/or importance to employ the applicant. Proof of the placement and a copy of the advertisement of the post in national media (and international media if applicable) the reason (s) why a locally registered individual could not be appointed, should also be provided; and
5. Payment of the appropriate non-refundable application fee.

No person may commence any activity or employment referred to above prior to approval of the application by the South African Veterinary Council and payment of the authorisation fee.

 

 




EXPLANATORY NOTES FOR AUTHORISATION IN TERMS OF SECTION 23(1)(c)

1. In all instances, authorisation will only be considered if the applicant has a firm offer of employment from a specific institution/organisation or private employer or is placed in an accredited academic/
2. training/research programme; Authorisation will only be considered if
3. the need for the service to be provided/procedure (s) to be performed is clearly motivated, proof is provided of the placement of a suitable advertisement for the post in the relevant media, and no suitable locally registered applicant could be appointed (details to be provided); Authorisation will be valid for a maximum period of 2 years in respect of category A3 [service rendering] after which full registration must be obtained by examination. In all other instances, renewal of authorisation may be considered at Council’s discretion;
4. The possibility of long-term authorisation as a result of fixed employment with the specific employer in categories A1 and B2 [Industry], A2 and B3 [Research], B1 [Service rendering] and A4 [Training] may be considered at Council’s discretion;
5. The scope of procedures to be performed should include a list of activities and/or procedures which the individual would be expected to perform with proven evidence of competency as may be required;
6. Persons so authorised will be subject to the code of conduct, ethical rules and disciplinary powers of the Council;
7. Supervision

Where applicable, the authorisation shall specify whether the individual has to perform his/her duties under the direction, supervision or direct and continuous supervision of the relevant responsible designated person registered with Council.

Direction means that the designated person gives the authorised person directions but is not necessarily present when the procedures are carried out;
Supervision means that the designated person is present and in a position to assist, yet is not necessarily at the authorised person’s side or in the same room; and
Direct and continuous supervision means that the designated person is present and giving the authorised person and the animal (where applicable) his/her undivided attention; and

8. The responsibility for ensuring adherence to the conditions of authorisation rests with the employer, failing which, authorisation may be withdrawn.

A. CATEGORIES OF ACTIVITIES IN WHICH PERSONS WITH VETERINARY QUALIFICATIONS NOT RECOGNISED BY COUNCIL WILL BE CONSIDERED FOR AUTHORISATION

1. Industry

2. Research

3. Service-rendering (animal welfare, embryo transfer, state veterinary service, etc.)

4. Training (Educational)

B. CATEGORIES OF ACTIVITIES IN WHICH PERSONS WITHOUT VETERINARY AND/OR PARA-VETERINARY QUALIFICATIONS WILL BE CONSIDERED BY COUNCIL FOR AUTHORISATION

1. Service rendering (animal welfare, embryo transfer)

2. Industry

3. Research

4. Training (Educational)

Authorisation in both categories A and B will be considered in relation/with specific reference to:

1. A specific employer or institution;
2. A specific duration;
3. The scope of procedures to be performed and the proven competency of the applicant;
4. Specific requirements/limitations which may be imposed on the applicant; and
5. A suitably registered supervising professional.

GUIDELINES FOR RESEARCH AND INDUSTRIAL INSTITUTIONS IN RESPECT OF APPLICANTS IN CATEGORY A1 [INDUSTRY] AND A2 [RESEARCH]

1. Authorisation will be restricted to those duties related to the research and/or industrial activities which would normally involve the practising of a veterinary profession as defined in the Act and performed on behalf of and whilst in the employ of the research or industrial institution;
2. Authorisation will be valid for a maximum period of 2 years. Renewal of authorisation may be considered at Council’s discretion. The possibility of long-term authorisation as a result of fixed employment with the specific employer may be considered at Council’s discretion;
3. Renewal of authorisation will only be considered for individuals in fixed employment on receipt of a satisfactory status report submitted by the institution and person under whose supervision the candidate performs his or her duties;
4. In both instances, confirmation of adherence to international Good Practice Guidelines and/or adherence to the National Code on Animal Experimentation should be provided;
5. In the case of category A2 a recommendation from the relevant institution’s Animal Ethics Committee should accompany the application;
6. The composition of the aforementioned Animal Ethics Committee should conform to the National Code on Animal Experimentation; and
7. The Animal Ethics Committee should ensure that the applicant is competent to perform the procedure/s for which authorisation is sought. Certification of competency should be signed by both the veterinarian serving on and the chairperson of the Animal Ethics Committee.

 

GUIDELINES FOR INSTITUTIONS AND PRIVATE EMPLOYERS IN RESPECT OF APPLICANTS IN CATEGORY A3 [SERVICE-RENDERING]

1. Authorisation will be restricted to those duties related to service-rendering activities which would normally involve the practising of a veterinary profession as defined in the Act and performed on behalf of and whilst in the employ of the institution or private employer; and
2. Authorisation will be valid for a maximum period of 2 years after which full registration must be obtained by examination.

GUIDELINES FOR UNIVERSITIES IN RESPECT OF APPLICANTS IN CATEGORY A4 [TRAINING]

1. Authorisation will be restricted to those activities relating to teaching, research, service-rendering and/or professional development which would normally involve the practising of a veterinary profession as defined in the Act and performed on behalf of and whilst in the employ of or placed in a specific academic/research programme of the academic institution;
2. Authorisation will be valid for a maximum period of 2 years. Renewal of authorisation may be considered at Council’s discretion. The possibility of long-term authorisation as a result of fixed employment with the specific employer may be considered at Council’s discretion; and
3. Renewal of authorisation will only be considered for individuals in fixed employment on receipt of a satisfactory status report submitted by the institution and person under whose supervision the candidate performs his or her duties except where such duties are predominantly of a service-rendering nature which involve the practising of a veterinary profession as defined in the Act. In this instance, authorisation will be valid for a maximum period of 2 years after which full registration must be obtained by examination.

GUIDELINES FOR INSTITUTIONS, ORGANISATIONS AND PRIVATE EMPLOYERS IN RESPECT OF APPLICANTS IN CATEGORY B1 [SERVICE-RENDERING]

1. Authorisation will be restricted to those procedures listed in the application which would normally involve the practising of a veterinary or para-veterinary profession as defined in the Act and performed on behalf of and whilst in the employ of the relevant institution, organisation or business (A positive report on the inspection of a facility wherefrom the authorised person will work is a requirement in this category);
2. Authorisation will be valid for a maximum period of 2 years. Renewal of authorisation may be considered at Council’s discretion. The possibility of long-term authorisation as a result of fixed employment with the specific employer may be considered at Council’s discretion; and
3. Renewal of authorisation will only be considered for individuals in fixed employment on receipt of a satisfactory status report submitted by the institution and person under whose supervision the candidate performs his or her duties.

GUIDELINES FOR INSTITUTIONS AND ORGANISATIONS IN RESPECT OF APPLICANTS IN CATEGORY B2 [INDUSTRY] AND B3 [RESEARCH]

1. Authorisation will be restricted to those duties relating to the industrial/research activities of the institution or organisation which would normally involve the practising of a veterinary or para-veterinary profession as defined in the Act and performed on behalf of and whilst in the employ of the relevant institution or organisation;
2. Authorisation will be valid for a maximum period of 2 years. Renewal of authorisation may be considered at Council’s discretion. The possibility of long-term authorisation as a result of fixed employment with the specific employer may be considered at Council’s discretion;
3. Renewal of authorisation will only be considered for individuals in fixed employment on receipt of a satisfactory status report submitted by the institution and person under whose supervision the candidate performs his or her duties;
4. In both instances, confirmation of adherence to international Good Practice Guidelines and/or adherence to the National Code on Animal Experimentation should be provided;
5. In the case of category B3 a recommendation from the relevant institution’s Animal Ethics Committee should accompany the application;
6. The composition of the aforementioned Animal Ethics Committee should conform to the National Code on Animal Experimentation; and
7. The Animal Ethics Committee should ensure that the applicant is competent to perform the procedure/s for which authorisation is sought. Certification of competency should be signed by both the veterinarian serving on and the chairperson of the Animal Ethics Committee.

GUIDELINES FOR UNIVERSITIES IN RESPECT OF APPLICANTS IN CATEGORY B4 [TRAINING]

1. Authorisation will be restricted to those activities relating to teaching, research, service-rendering and/or professional development which would normally involve the practising of a veterinary or para-veterinary profession as defined in the Act and performed on behalf of and whilst in the employ of or placed in a specific academic/research programme of the academic institution;
2. Authorisation will be valid for a maximum period of 2 years. Renewal of authorisation may be considered at Council’s discretion. The possibility of long-term authorisation as a result of fixed employment with the specific employer may be considered at Council’s discretion; and
3. Renewal of authorisation will only be considered for individuals in fixed employment on receipt of a satisfactory status report submitted by the institution and person under whose supervision the candidate performs his or her duties.



GUIDELINES TO MAKE APPLICATION FOR AUTHORISATION OF VETERINARY NURSES IN TERMS OF
SECTION 23(1)(c)

1.

SPECIFIC GUIDELINES FOR APPLICATION

The guidelines below are in addition to those already mentioned in the preamble, general guidelines and explanatory notes.

Persons so authorised will be subject to the disciplinary powers of Council, as well as subject to the Code of Conduct for Veterinary Nurses.

2.

GUIDELINES FOR APPLICANTS IN CATEGORY B1 [SERVICE RENDERING), B2 (INDUSTRY), B3(RESEARCH) AND B4(TRAINING AND EDUCATION)]

1. Authorisation will be restricted to those duties and/or functions and/or activities which would normally involve the practising of the profession of a veterinary nurse as defined in the Act and performed on behalf of and whilst in the employ of the relevant institution; and
2. Renewal of authorisation will only be considered for individuals in fixed employment and is subject to enrollment, in an accredited learning program, with the intention of obtaining the minimum required qualification for registration as a veterinary nurse with Council. Subsequent applications for authorisation will only be considered, at the discretion of Council, on receipt of a satisfactory progress report in the accredited learning program and submitted by the institution and person under whose supervision the candidate performs his or her duties.

C. GUIDELINES FOR APPLICANTS WITH APPROPRIATE TRAINING.

1. Appropriate training is defined as at least two to three years experience performing duties, functions and activities in a veterinary practice and relevant para-veterinary qualifications not recognised by Council;
2. Authorisation will only be considered, at the discretion of Council, for persons under the employed supervision of a person registered with Council (see explanatory notes); and
3. Authorisation will be valid for a maximum period of two years.

D. GUIDELINES FOR APPLICANTS WITHOUT APPROPRIATE TRAINING.

1.

Authorisation will only be considered, at the discretion of Council, on proof of enrollment in an accredited learning program with proof of intention of acquiring the appropriate training and the minimum required qualification for registration as a veterinary nurse with Council;
2. Authorisation will only be considered, at the discretion of Council, for persons under the employed, direct and continuous supervision of a person registered with Council (see explanatory notes); and
3. Authorisation to be reviewed on a yearly basis.

 




GUIDELINES TO MAKE APPLICATION FOR AUTHORISATION OF VETERINARY TECHNOLOGISTS IN TERMS OF
SECTION 23(1)(c)

1. SPECIFIC GUIDELINES FOR APPLICATION

1. The guidelines below are in addition to those already mentioned in the preamble, general guidelines and explanatory notes; and
2. Persons so authorised will be subject to the code of conduct for Veterinary Technologists as well as that of the South African Association of Veterinary Technologists (SAAVT), the ethical rules of Council and a recognised ethical committee (if applicable) and the disciplinary powers of Council.

2. GUIDELINES FOR APPLICANTS IN CATEGORY B1 [SERVICE RENDERING), B2(INDUSTRY), B3(RESEARCH) AND B4(TRAINING AND EDUCATION)]

1. Authorisation will be restricted to those duties and/or functions and/or activities which would normally involve the practising of the profession of a veterinary technologist as defined in the Act and performed on behalf of and whilst in the employ of the relevant institution;
2. Authorisation will be valid for a maximum period of 2 years;
3. The possibility of long-term authorisation as a result of fixed employment with the specific employer may be considered at Council’s discretion;
4. Renewal of authorisation will only be considered for individuals in fixed employment and is subject to enrollment, in an accredited learning program, with the intention of obtaining the minimum requirement qualification for registration as a veterinary technologist with Council. Subsequent applications for authorisation will only be considered, at the discretion of Council, on receipt of a satisfactory progress in the accredited learning program and submitted by the institution and person under whose supervision the candidate performs his or her duties; and
5. In both instances, confirmation of adherence to international Good Practice Guidelines and/or adherence to the National Code on Animal Experimentation should be provided.

C. GUIDELINES FOR APPLICANTS WITH APPROPRIATE TRAINING.

1. Appropriate training is defined as at least two to three years experience performing duties, functions and activities in a veterinary laboratory and/ or related veterinary or para-veterinary qualifications not recognised by Council; and
2. Authorisation will only be considered, at the discretion of Council, for persons under the employed supervision of a person registered with Council (see explanatory notes).

D. GUIDELINES FOR APPLICANTS WITHOUT APPROPRIATE TRAINING.

1. Authorisation will only be considered, at the discretion of Council, on proof of enrollment in an accredited learning program with the intention of acquiring the appropriate training and the minimum required qualification for registration as a veterinary technologist with Council; and
2. Authorisation will only be considered, at the discretion of Council, for persons under the employed, direct and continuous supervision of a person registered with Council (see explanatory notes).

 

 



GUIDELINES TO MAKE APPLICATION FOR AUTHORISATION OF LABORATORY ANIMAL TECHNOLOGIST IN TERMS OF SECTION 23(1)(c)

A. GENERAL GUIDELINES FOR APPLICATION

PLEASE NOTE: Authorisation shall only be granted until the relevant courses are available and in place, viz.
1.A relevant Diploma in Laboratory Animal Technology/Veterinary Technology for persons practising the profession of Laboratory Animal Technology

2.Short courses etc.

Thereafter no person shall be allowed to perform the tasks deemed to be that of the profession of Laboratory Animal Technologist, that is without the prescribed qualification. Until such time authorisation will be granted according to the following terms:

Authorisation in terms of SECTION 23(1)(c) of the Act will be considered for temporary or full-time employment for individuals employed by academic institutions/research, institutions/industrial, institutions/service, organisations or private employers upon receipt of the following from the relevant employer:

a.An application form and motivation together with full personal and academic details of the applicant;

b.Details of the employer; the person under whose auspices the applicant will work; the functions, procedures and tasks to be performed by the applicant. In the case of an academic institution details of the relevant subject and/or discipline must be provided by the employer

c.Details of the qualifications, competency, capabilities, training and stature of the applicant. In the case of an academic, research or industrial institution a curriculum vitae is to accompany the application;

d.Details of the merit, need and/or importance to employ the applicant must also be included in the motivation;

e.No person should commence any activity or employment referred to above prior to approval of an application which should reach the office of the South African Veterinary Council at least 14 days before Council meetings, which are normally held towards the end of every second month, commencing in January;

f.The course of conduct of a Laboratory Animal Technologist will become applicable to applicants authorised in terms of SECTION 23(1)(c); and

g.Payment of authorisation fee will only be due after approval of an application.

B. GUIDELINES FOR AUTHORISATION OF APPLICANTS WITH APPROPRIATE TRAINING

Again this should fall away as soon as courses are available.

Appropriate training is defined as a person having at least two to three years experience working with research animals, having supervised animal related projects as well as having the capabilities to carry out specific procedures relating to laboratory/research animals and have a veterinary and/or medical background.

a.Authorisation will be restricted to those activities related to teaching, research, industrial activities and/or diagnostic procedures which would normally involve the practising of the profession of Laboratory Animal Technology as defined in the Act and performed on behalf of and whilst in the employ of the relevant institution;

b.Authorisation will only be considered for persons working under the employed supervision of either a fully registered veterinarian in terms of the Veterinary and Para-veterinary Professions Act, or under a fully registered medical/dental practitioner;

c.Authorisation will be limited to procedures specified in the application in accordance with the scope of the general and specific services pertaining to laboratory animal technologists in terms of the Act;

d.Authorisation will be restricted to those procedures in which competency is supported by testimonials from persons authorised by the South African Veterinary Council;

e.Authorisation will be for a specific period of time not exceeding two years unless the individual accepts a permanent appointment in which case renewal of authorisation should be applied for before expiry of the first two year period and before expiry of each and every five year period thereafter; and

f.Renewal of authorisation will only be considered for individuals in permanent employment on receipt of a satisfactory status report submitted by the institution and person under whose supervision the candidate performs his or her duties.

c.GUIDELINES FOR AUTHORISATION OF APPLICANTS WITHOUT APPROPRIATE TRAINING

Again this should fall away as soon as courses are available.

a.Authorisation will be restricted to activities related to teaching and for research which would normally involve the practising of the profession of Laboratory Animal Technology as defined in the Act and performed whilst registered at an academic institution or in the employ of a research or industrial institution;

b.Authorisation will be granted provisionally subject to the applicant acquiring appropriate training and competency in the procedure (s) for which application is being made and on receipt of a satisfactory report submitted by the academic institution or employer and person under whose supervision the candidate performs the procedure (s);

c.Authorisation will only be considered for persons performing the procedure (s) under the supervision of either a fully registered veterinarian or laboratory animal technologist registered in terms of the Veterinary and Para-veterinary Professions Act or under a fully registered Medical/Dental practitioner with a background in laboratory animal science;

d.Authorisation will be for a specific period of time not exceeding two years unless the individual accept a permanent appointment in which case renewal of authorisation should be applied for before expiring of the first two year period and before expiry of each and every five year period thereafter; and

e.Renewal of authorisation will only be considered for individuals in permanent employment on receipt of a satisfactory status report submitted by the institution and person under whose supervision the candidate performs his or her duties.

Reviewed Policy Published 28 January 2002

 

 




WORKING PERMITS

The overriding consideration in dealing with applications for work permits is whether the employment or task to be undertaken cannot be performed by a South African citizen or an approved immigrant already residing in South Africa. It therefore follows that work permits are only granted in instances where South African citizens or other legal permanent residents are not available for appointment or cannot be trained for the position.

Employment opportunities are as a result of the prevailing economic climate in South Africa extremely limited and there is at present no special drive or project to attract foreign workers to South Africa. Even as far as the so-called scarce employment categories are concerned the position has worsened to the extent where professionally and technically qualified persons are being laid off and are finding it extremely difficult to secure alternative employment. It is for this reason currently a prerequisite that foreigners wishing to take up employment in South Africa, be in possession of firm and acceptable offers of employment commensurate with their training, qualifications and experience before an application for a work permit can be considered.

Employers wishing to introduce foreign workers to South Africa must obtain the permission of the Department of Home Affairs and be able to satisfy the department that they were unable to obtain the required personnel locally. Aspects which are in this regard taken into account are, inter alia, the following:

- Date on which the position (s) became available or vacant.

- Whether the vacancies were advertised and if so, in which papers or other suitable media and the number of insertions.

- Reasons why applicants from the South African labour market who may have responded to the advertisements could not be appointed.

- Whether the Department of Manpower, private employment bureaus or agencies or the relevant trade union or industrial council had been approached with regard to filling the vacancies.

- Whether a local unit can be trained to fill a specific position, even if a foreign specialist has to undertake the training for a limited period on contract.

- Whether the applicant appointed or to be appointed is in possession of any special qualifications, training and experience not obtainable in South Africa.

- In the case of senior positions, whether the proper filling of the vacancy or position by the promotion of existing personnel has received due consideration.

Section 26(2)(a) of the said act provides that an application for a work permit may only be made while the appointment is outside the Republic and such applicant shall not be allowed to enter the Republic until a valid permit has been issued to him or her. Applications must be submitted to the South African foreign office in or the nearest such office to the country of which the applicant is a valid passport holder or the country in which he normally resides and await the outcome prior to making arrangements for departure to South Africa.

Applications are subject to the payment of a non-refundable fee which is presently fixed at USD132 or the equivalent thereof in the monetary unit of the country where the application is submitted. Permits are valid for twelve (12) months and renewals thereof may be applied for in South Africa at a cost of R 520. (as at 01/6/02)

The department is also not averse to granting permits to key personnel seconded by corporate businesses to take up temporary employment in their local branches and to this end all South African foreign offices have been authorized to approve such applicants without referral to Head Office. These transfers should, however, be kept to the minimum required for the effective and smooth running of the business.

The Sub-directorate Temporary Residence of the Department deals with applications for work permits and may be contacted at telephone number (01... or facsimile numbers (012) 321 9890 should further information be required.

The department regularly liaises with the Department of Labour, the relevant trade unions, industrial councils, employers' and employees' organisations and various professional bodies regarding the availability of suitably qualified personnel on the local labour market, in order to fulfill a controlling function in the above regard.

 

 


 

SOME INTERPRETATIONS AND QUALIFICATIONS

The following interpretations and qualifications have been developed in conjunction with the Department of Home Affairs and must be read in conjunction with the part titled Work Permits. Often times the rules/regulations are not adequately interpreted by Statutory Councils, resulting in poor and erroneous application of the Law.

NOTE: The interpretations and qualifications captured hereunder are not all inclusive and therefore, it becomes necessary to develop them further and, in the event that Council is unclear on any matter the Department of Home Affairs must be contacted for clarity and/or for a final decision.

1. No individual will be allowed to change or apply for a change in his/her visa status whilst in the country for a specific purpose and in terms of the initial visa/permit that has been issued by the Department of Home Affairs. This constitutes a change of purpose and therefore, it is the duty of the Veterinary Council to check on permits at the time of authorisation.

2. A foreign veterinary graduate in any category of veterinary science that is desirous of registering with the South African Veterinary Council and is required to appear for an examination, will only be issued a temporary permit of the purposes of the examination and will be required to leave the country immediately after the examination, the said individual is required to make an application via the South African Mission in his/her country and has to fulfill all criteria as set out by the Department of Home Affairs, before a work permit can be issued. Home Affairs will and must be advised by the South African Veterinary Council before a work permit can be issued.

3. A reciprocal arrangement between statutory regulatory veterinary institutions and Councils only recognise veterinary qualifications for the purposes of practice, but does not automatically allow the said individual to work in South Africa.

An applicant must approach the South African Mission in his/her country, in order to obtain the necessary work permit. Again, it is the responsibility of the South African Veterinary Council to guide and inform the Department of Home Affairs if there has been any change of purpose on entering the Republic, and irrespective of a reciprocal arrangement, why the said expertise is required.

4. No foreign individual will be allowed to make an application to Home Affairs if he is already in the Republic for the issue of a work permit.

5. If a foreign veterinary student is issued a study permit, the permit is valid only for the purposes of study in South Africa, the period of study within a said veterinary faculty, subject to the conditions of the Department of Home Affairs. Immediately after his/her studies the said individual is required to leave South Africa and the period of study will not be considered for purposes of issuing either a work permit or permanent residence status.

6. It is the responsibility of the South African Veterinary Council to keep the Human Sciences Research Council (H.S.R.C.) abreast with developments in all matters concerning evaluation. That an evaluation conducted by the H.S.R.C. in no way takes precedence over the Statutory Regulatory Body.

7. The manpower situation in respect of veterinary professions must be constantly provided to the Department of Manpower, solely on the basis that the Department of Home Affairs in almost all cases approaches the Manpower Department when evaluating an application for entry into South African for work purposes.

8. In exceptional cases particularly in a rare field of specialisation or in the case of unique skills, the South African Veterinary Council may approach the Department of Home Affairs to issue a work permit for a particular period. Generally applicants at the under-graduate level will not be considered.

9. If an applicant is granted a work permit on the basis of a contract tenure offered to him/her by the employer in a specialised field as stated in (8) above, such person must leave the country after the contract period. In the event that the contract is renewed, the period of work in the Republic will not be considered for purposes of citizenship and/or permanent residence.

10. No veterinary professional who is a foreigner/expatriate may write the South African Veterinary Council examination unless he/she is in possession of a valid study, work or other visitor's permit issued by the Department of Interior or is legally in the country.

SOUTH AFRICAN VETERINARY COUNCIL

E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.  Tel: (012) 342 1612 Fax: (012) 342 4354

1. GUIDELINE DOCUMENT FOR THE AUTHORISATION OF ANIMAL WELFARE ASSISTANTS TO PERFORM VETERINARY AND PARA-VETERINARY PROCEDURES IN TERMS OF SECTION 23(1)(c) OF THE VETERINARY AND PARA-VETERINARY PROFESSIONS ACT, 19 OF 1982

May 2008


A INTRODUCTION

The South African Veterinary Council (SAVC) approved the authorisation of Animal Welfare Assistants (AWAs) in 1999 in order for AWAs to legally perform primary animal health care work, which was required in areas where there were no veterinary services available, and to regulate the activities of AWAs.

The approval followed after consideration of a request submitted by the Animal Welfare Organisations (AWOs), as well as several discussions and meetings with various role players.

The SAVC held a strategic workshop on the 31st of May and the 1st of June 2005 where SAVC members discussed various aspects of improving access to primary animal health care services to the public and in particular to previously disadvantaged communities. The SAVC is committed to ensure that the South African public has access to quality primary animal health care.

However, there have been several concerns and debates on:

Ø The future requirements for AWAs;

Ø The demand for services by AWAs;

Ø The relationship between AWOs, private and state veterinary and para-veterinary professions; and

Ø The services to be rendered by each sector

The authorisation of AWAs to perform primary animal health care services is a special dispensation granted in order to ensure that the public has access to these services. However the use of AWAs is not intended to replace the use of qualified veterinary and para-veterinary professionals. It is therefore critical that in the review of the policy on the authorisation of AWAs cognisance must be taken of the number of para-veterinarians (Veterinary Nurses and Animal Health Technicians) that have qualified since the approval of authorisation of AWAs by the SAVC.

The future vision for and intention of the SAVC is for registration and regulation of AWAs as a fully-fledged para-veterinary profession. In this regard, the SAVC has resolved that as of the year 2012, AWAs will no longer be authorised by the SAVC on the current system. AWAs will require an SAVC approved qualification in order to register as para-veterinary professionals. The onus is on the AWA profession itself to ensure that a suitable course is established well in time for the deadline on the cessation of AWA authorisation in its current form. The role of the SAVC is to register professionals, regulate the practising of the profession and set and maintain professional standards.

B REASONS FOR AUTHORISING ANIMAL WELFARE ASSISTANTS

1. To promote animal welfare and primary animal health care;

2. To enable AWAs to perform veterinary and para-veterinary procedures where there are no other veterinary and/or para-veterinary services available; and

3. To regulate the activities of AWAs.

C MINIMUM CONDITIONS OF AUTHORISATION

Introduction

An AWA must, regardless of the procedures that the individual will perform, be able to perform all the procedures listed in paragraphs 1.1 – 1.6 under Criteria for assessment of competency for authorisation of Animal Welfare Assistants.

The optional procedures listed under paragraphs 2.1, 3.1 – 3.4 and any other additional procedures could be authorised on motivation and confirmation of competency.

1. The applicant must be in the service of a bona fide AWO.

Ø The AWO must be registered as a non profit organisation with a fund raising number;

Ø The AWO should submit its constitution to the SAVC ; and

Ø Have at least one veterinarian in its employ or in its service or under contract under whose direction the AWA will be working.

2. The application to be submitted by an AWO is to be accompanied by:

a) A list of procedures that the applicant will routinely be required to perform indicating whether or not these procedures are to be performed at a registered veterinary facility or from a mobile unit, and in what species they are to be performed;

b) A list of scheduled medicines that will be used to perform these procedures and the reasons for the need to use the scheduled medicines;

c) A letter of recommendation from the veterinarian employed by or in the service of or contracted to the AWO confirming the following:

- That s/he is satisfied that the AWA will be able to perform the listed procedures;

- The level of supervision i.e. continuous (veterinarian employed full-time by the AWO) or intermittent (please specify e.g. daily telephonic contact, weekly visit etc);

- Nature and location of the AWA’s work e.g. consulting owners from a mobile clinic, consulting owners at the AWO, assisting in the hospital etc.;

- The name of the registered facility that will support the AWA;

- That in the case of authorisation to euthanase the AWA is competent to handle and store the relevant medicine and understands the importance thereof; and

- That s/he will monitor the record keeping by the AWA of all procedures performed and scheduled medicines used, in line with the rules and regulations of the veterinary and para-veterinary professions and the relevant Medicine Control Council (MCC) legislation;

d) A certified copy of the MCC permit to keep scheduled medicines, if applicable;

e) Copy of an advertisement for the services of a para-veterinary professional placed in either the SAVC newsletter or in a relevant publication of the para-veterinary target groups (Veterinary Nurses and Animal Health Technicians) dated not more than six months before the date of the application; and

f) Proof that a para-veterinary professional (Veterinary Nurse or Animal Health Technician) could not be employed in the position;

g) A motivation for the need to use an AWA specifying the area (details of the exact location to be included, or a separate motivation as in (k) below) where the applicant will be performing the procedures and must include support from:

- A minimum of two of the closest private practitioners in the same area; and

- The state veterinary services responsible for the area.

h) An SAVC approved assessment of the AWA’s competence;

i) Proof of payment of the assessment fee determined by the SAVC;

j) Payment of the authorisation fee determined by the SAVC;

k) Motivation to work in a wider geographical area, where applicable (refer point D 1.2 below).

3. AWAs performing intravenous catheterisation

Applications to perform intravenous (I/V) catheterisation will only be considered upon receipt of:

a) a motivation setting out the merits of the application;

b) documented proof that the AWA was trained to perform the procedure;

c) documented proof that the competence of the AWA to perform IV catheterisation was assessed and it is confirmed that the AWA is competent to perform the procedure; and

d) confirmation by a veterinarian that the procedure will only be performed upon instruction of a veterinarian whilst there is a veterinarian available on the same premises

4. SPCA inspectors appointed by the NSPCA: Authorisation for euthanasia only

Authorisation for euthanasia only will be considered upon receipt of:

a) an application;

b) confirmation of competency to perform euthanasia, to handle and store the relevant medicine and understanding of the importance thereof. (i.e assessed by a designated veterinarian);

c) confirmation of appointment as an inspector in terms of Act 169 of 1993;

d) a motivation setting out the particular need for euthanasia in the area; and


If the inspector is not working under any veterinary supervision

(Also refer to SAVC policy guidelines on MRA permits)

Inspectors should apply for renewal of authorisation every three years having re-submitted proof of competence.


D CONDITIONS OF AUTHORISATION

1. 1.1 Authorisation will be restricted to specified procedures, scheduled medicines and geographical area/s that the SAVC approves for a period of 3 (three) years only.

1.2 If it is envisaged that an AWA will be rendering services in a wide geographical area, this must be separately motivated.

2. Every three-year cycle will end on the 31st of March to coincide with the SAVC’s financial year, which runs from 1 April to 31 March.

3. Authorisation will lapse automatically when the AWA is no longer working under the direction of a veterinarian or when the AWA’s services are terminated by the AWO that submitted the application for authorisation.

E EXTENSION AND/OR RENEWAL OF AUTHORISATION

1. Should an AWO require an extension of the AWA’s authorisation for either the procedures to be performed or the change of geographical area a further application as set out in paragraph C2 is required.

2. An application for the renewal of authorisation will be required after expiry of the 3-year period. When applying for renewal of authorisation paragraph C2(h), C2(i) and C2 (j) must be complied with. However, on receipt of written confirmation by the supervising veterinarian that a re-assessment is not required and/or if the Council does not deem it necessary the requirements of paragraph C2(h) and C2 (i) may be waived.

F MISCONDUCT

In the event of misconduct the provisions of the Veterinary and Para-Veterinary Professions Act will mutatis mutandis apply.

Authorisation only permits the AWA to perform approved procedures and the use of listed scheduled medicines in a specific geographical area. Therefore the performance of any other procedure and usage of any other scheduled medicines or the rendering of services in other geographical areas is not permitted and could result in an inquiry in terms of the Veterinary and Para-Veterinary Professions Act and the possible withdrawal of authorisation.

AWAs are accountable for their own actions as persons authorised under the Act. Supervising veterinarians cannot be held responsible for the actions of AWAs as long as their own actions are reasonable and justifiable.

G MOBILE CLINICS

All mobile clinics must be staffed by a veterinarian, veterinary nurse, animal health technician or AWA and must be directly linked to a registered veterinary facility. The principal of the facility in whose name the facility is registered must ensure that both the facility and mobile facility comply with the rules pertaining to the veterinary and para-veterinary professions.

H THE ROLE OF THE AWA, THE AWO AND THE VETERINARIAN

AWAs must know the conditions of their authorisation, their responsibility and accountability to the SAVC and render only services that fall within their authorisation in terms of section 23(1) (c) of the Veterinary and Para-Veterinary Professions Act. All veterinary services must be carried out under the supervision or direction of a veterinarian as outlined in the criteria for assessment of competency for authorisation of AWAs.

AWOs are responsible for

a) applying for authorisation on behalf of candidate AWAs;

b) maintaining authorisation for as long as is needed, while AWAs remain employed by the organisation in the specified geographical area;

c) clearly communicating to AWAs the services they are entitled to render in terms of authorisation;

d) monitoring the AWA to ensure that they render only the services authorisation has been obtained for; and

e) ensuring that AWA services are limited to stray animals and indigent persons.

The veterinarian employed by or in the service of or contracted to the AWO (supervising veterinarian) should:

Explain to the AWA his/her responsibility and accountability to the SAVC;

Monitor the AWA to ensure that s/he complies with the terms of his/her authorisation; and

· Advise the SAVC when the supervising veterinarian is no longer the supervising veterinarian.

I ASSESSMENT OF ANIMAL WELFARE ASSISTANTS

AWAs must be assessed by SAVC-accredited assessors to ensure objectivity and uniform evaluation. The assessor should be independent where practically possible, i.e. the responsible veterinarian under whose supervision the AWA will work after authorisation should preferably not assess the same candidate.

J SPCA INSPECTORS

SPCA inspectors who are required to perform euthanasia only are authorised as per SAVC decision of 24 January 2006. If SPCA inspectors are required to fulfil other functions pertaining to those of an AWA, they must apply for authorisation as an AWA.

2. CRITERIA FOR ASSESSMENT OF COMPETENCY FOR AUTHORISATION OF ANIMAL WELFARE ASSISTANTS (AWAs)

ALL SPECIES

Definitions

“The veterinarian” refers to the veterinarian employed by, in the service of or contracted to the relevant AWO who is responsible for the activities of the AWA.

“Direction” means that the veterinarian gives the AWA directions but is not necessarily present when they are carried out.

“Supervision” means that the veterinarian is present on the same premises and in a position to assist, yet is not necessarily at the AWA’s side or in the same room.

1. Procedures that Animal Welfare Assistants may perform under direction of a veterinarian-basic primary health care

1.1 Examining a patient and recognising a healthy animal

The AWA must be able to:

Ø take a relevant history of the patient;

Ø restrain the patient adequately and humanely to perform his/her duties;

Ø be able to recognise clinical signs of a healthy animal;

Ø demonstrate that s/he can evaluate the temperature, pulse, respiration, colour of mucous membranes and hydration status of the patient;

Ø be able to describe clinical signs to the veterinarian and follow instructions from the veterinarian;

Ø keep correct patient- and treatment records and understand their relevance;

Ø make a blood smear; and

Ø effectively communicate the principles of primary health care to animal owners.

1.2 Basic husbandry

The AWA must demonstrate basic knowledge of:

Ø correct feeding;

Ø appropriate housing / confinement / restraint;

Ø hoof / claw / nail / coat / tooth care;

Ø the role of sterilisation / castration where applicable;

Ø general principles of prevention of cruelty to animals.

1.3 Administration of medicines

The AWA must:

Ø know how to handle and store the relevant medicines s/he will be directed to use by the veterinarian;

Ø know the possible side effects of the relevant medicines;

Ø be able to measure correct dosages of oral and injectable medications as directed by the veterinarian;

Ø be able to administer medicines per os (solid and fluid e.g. dewormer);

Ø know how to handle sterile needles and syringes;

Ø be able to give a proper subcutaneous injection aseptically;

Ø be able to advise the owner concerning the further administration of dispensed medication; and

Ø keep accurate records of all medicines administered.

1.4 Vaccinations, deworming and external parasite control

The AWA must:

Ø know the correct care, handling and storage of vaccines;

Ø vaccinate and deworm animals according to a programme supplied by a veterinarian;

Ø be able to keep records of vaccinations and deworming;

Ø dip animals according to a protocol supplied by the veterinarian; and

Ø educate the owner on the importance of external parasite control, vaccination and deworming.

1.5 Dealing with injured animals
The AWA must:

Ø know how to transport a sick or injured animal;

Ø be familiar with the basic principles of aseptic techniques;

Ø be able to clean superficial wounds;

Ø apply ointments as directed by the veterinarian;

Ø be able to stop severe haemorrhage with a pressure bandage as a first aid measure; and

Ø be able to assess the degree of pain in order to involve the veterinarian at the earliest stage possible.

1.6 Zoonoses

The AWA must understand the concept of zoonoses.

2. Optional procedure that Animal Welfare Assistants may perform under direction of a veterinarian

2.1 Administering an intramuscular (IM) injection

The AWA must

Ø be able to give a proper IM injection aseptically.

3. Procedures that AWA’s may perform under supervision of a veterinarian (when authorised)
3.1 Radiographs (assisting)
The AWA must:

Ø be able to assist with restraint;

Ø have knowledge of the dangers of radiation.

3.2 Euthanasia

The AWA must:

Ø demonstrate the ability to administer euthanasia by intravenous injection in a competent and humane manner;

Ø know how to handle and store the relevant medicines;

Ø know how to handle a failed intravenous injection that leads to haematoma;

Ø show an understanding of appropriate methods of carcass disposal.

3.3 Administering an intravenous (IV) injections

The AWA must

Ø be able to give a proper IV injection aseptically.

3.4 Performing intravenous (IV) catheterisation (separate application required, authorisation granted by special dispensation only)

Ø demonstrate the ability to place an intravenous catheter aseptically in a competent manner;

Ø know how to maintain an IV catheter; and

Ø know how to monitor and adjust flow rate when instructed by the veterinarian.

VC/ 15/03/2007

Animal Welfare Assistants continued...

SOUTH AFRICAN VETERINARY COUNCIL

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Tel: (012) 342 1612 Fax: (012) 342 4354

P O Box 40510, ARCADIA, 0007

3. EVALUATION FORM FOR ANIMAL WELFARE ASSISTANTS

This form is to be completed by a SAVC accredited registered veterinarian.

1.  Full name of AWA  :

2.  Employer of AWA  :

3.  Geographical area in which duties are to be performed  :

All AWAs must be assessed for understanding the role and responsability of the AWA in terms of the Veterinary and Para-Veterinary Professions Act, 1982 and sections A to F (procedures/services performed under veterinary direction) and be competent in order to obtain authorisation.

Sections G, H and I (procedures/services performed under veterinary supervision) are optional and additional authorisation will be granted for these if the applicant is deemed to be competent.

Applications for authorisation for intravenous catheterisation are dealt with separately.

Please tick the appropriate box both in the shaded areas (competent / not competent) and also indicate in which specie(s) the evaluation was performed (where applicable). Key: SA=small animals, PA=production animals, EQ=equines.  Where a generic skill is being assessed, i.e. the competency is not species related, the boxes have been blacked out and the candidate can be assessed with respect to any specie(s).

UNDERSTANDING THE ROLE AND RESPONSIBILITY OF THE AWA

IN TERMS OF THE ACT

COMPETENT

NOT COMPETENT

Comments / Concerns :

A.      EXAMINING A PATIENT AND RECOGNISING A HEALTHY ANIMAL

COMPETENT

NOT COMPETENT

SA

PA

EQ

Take a relevant history

Restrain patient adequately and humanely

Recognise clinical signs of healthy animal

Evaluate temperature, pulse, respiration, mucous membranes, hydration status

Describe clinical signs

Keep correct records

Make blood smear

Communicate primary health care effectively

Comments / Concerns :

B.  BASIC HUSBANDRY

COMPETENT

NOT COMPETENT

SA

PA

EQ

Feeding

Housing, confinement, restraint

Hoof / claw / nail / coat / tooth care

Understanding  of sterilisation / castration

Prevention of cruelty

Comments / Concerns :

C.  ADMINISTRATION OF MEDICINES

COMPETENT

NOT COMPETENT

SA

PA

EQ

Handle and store medicines

Aware of side effects

Measure correct dosages – oral and injectable

Administer medicines per os – solid and fluid

Handle sterile needles and syringes

Subcutaneous injection

Advise on dispensed medication

Record keeping of medicines administered

Comments / Concerns :

D.  VACCINATIONS, DEWORMING AND EXTERNAL PARASITE CONTROL

COMPETENT

NOT COMPETENT

SA

PA

EQ

Handle, store and care for vaccines

Follow prescribed vaccination and deworming programmes

Record vaccinations and deworming

Dip animals according to veterinary protocol

Educate owner on vaccination, internal and external parasite control

Comments / Concerns :

E.  DEALING WITH INJURED ANIMALS

COMPETENT

NOT COMPETENT

SA

PA

EQ

Transportation of sick animal

Understand asepsis

Clean wounds

Apply ointments

Apply pressure bandage for haemorrhage

Assess pain

Comments / Concerns :

F.  ZOONOSES

COMPETENT

NOT COMPETENT

SA

PA

EQ

Understand concept

Comments / Concerns :

G.  RADIOGRAPHS

COMPETENT

NOT COMPETENT

SA

PA

EQ

Assist with restraint

Know dangers of radiation

Comments / Concerns :

H.  EUTHANASIA

COMPETENT

NOT COMPETENT

SA

PA

EQ

Intravenous euthanasia

Handle and store medicines

Dealing with haematoma

Methods of carcass disposal

Comments / Concerns :

I. INTRAMUSCULAR AND INTRAVENOUS INJECTIONS

COMPETENT

NOT COMPETENT

SA

PA

EQ

Intramuscular injection

Intravenous injection

Comments / Concerns :

6. Date of evaluation:

7. General comments:

Signed on this _______________ day of  ______________________________

20_______________

____________________________________     _________________________________

SIGNATURE & PRINT NAME                                     REG NUMBER:_______________

12/03/2007

4. POLICY GUIDELINES FOR DEALING WITH APPLICATIONS FROM ANIMAL WELFARE ASSISTANTS FOR MRA PERMITS TO ACQUIRE, KEEP AND USE SODIUM PENTOBARBITONE


1. Introduction


The intention of the permits issued in terms of the provisions of Section 22A (9) (a)(i) of the Medicines and Related Substances Act, 1965 (Act 101 of 1965) by the Department of Health to acquire, keep and use sodium pentobarbitone is to assist those animal welfare organisations (AWOs) where there is no veterinary supervision for an animal welfare assistant (AWA) who has to euthanase animals in the course of his/her work.


In terms of Act 101 only certain professionals including veterinarians are allowed to acquire, keep and use Schedule 6 substances such as sodium pentobarbitone. The authority granted to animal welfare assistants by the permits issued by the Medicines Regulatory Authority (MRA) is a concession and should be viewed as a privilege, not as a right. Any abuse of this privilege could result in such authorisation being withdrawn across the board. Permits can only be issued in exceptional circumstances.


The permits are issued on the following conditions:

a) The substances shall be used for euthanasia in animals only, and only by authorised animal welfare assistants.

b) The control over the substances is the responsibility of the animal welfare assistant.

c) Complete details of the substances acquired and used must be recorded in registers designed specifically for this purpose in accordance with the provisions of the relevant regulations.

d) Orders for the substances must be signed for by the animal welfare assistant.

e) When the substances are acquired, the name and address of the supplier, the date supplied, the quantity supplied and the number of the relevant invoice must be recorded on the permit.

f) The register referred to in (d) above, as well as copies of orders and invoices pertaining to the supply of the substance, must be available at the address provided on the application form for a period of at least 3 years and is subject to inspection by inspectors of Act 101.

g) Permits are issued for a period of one year only and must be returned to the Department of Health for cancellation and must be accompanied by a statement reflecting the quantity of substances on stock at expiry.


Since performing euthanasia is a procedure that falls within the scope of work of a veterinarian, lay people can only perform the procedure if duly authorised in terms of Section 23(1) of the Veterinary and Para-Veterinary Professions Act (Act 19 if 1982. The system of authorising AWAs came into being because of this dilemma where lay people trained to perform the euthanasia procedure due to a lack of veterinarians available to perform the procedure had to be legitimised.


By mutual agreement between the MRA and SAVC, the MRA grants authorisation to lay persons to acquire, keep and use sodium pentobarbitone subject to approval by the South African Veterinary Council (SAVC). It has come to SAVC’s attention that the MRA has been issuing permits on the strength of AWA authorisation only without obtaining the SAVC’s input on each application. Thus the issuing of permits by the MRA was based on a misunderstanding that the SAVC’s approval for MRA permits was implied for any person authorised as an AWA. The SAVC and MRA have since agreed that all applications are first forwarded to the SAVC for approval as AWA authorisation does not automatically include approval for authorisation to acquire, keep and use sodium pentobarbitone.


2. Policy


MRA permits will now be issued subject to a positive recommendation from the SAVC. Applications will be considered by the SAVC based on the following principles:


a) Applications should demonstrate a real need for the permit. The onus is on the AWO and AWA to demonstrate the exceptional circumstances that necessitate the permit application.

b) Additional proof of competency of the AWA: The AWA must demonstrate an understanding of Act 101 and his/her responsibility in this regard. This should be based on an assessment by an SAVC-accredited assessor.

c) SAVC supports improved cooperation between the public and private veterinary sectors and animal welfare. Private and state veterinarians should be aware of AWAs in their areas that have authorisation to acquire, keep and use sodium pentobarbitone. While applications will not necessarily be subject to approval by local private and state veterinarians, it is considered important that they should be made aware of the need. It is possible that such veterinarians, once made aware of the need may offer to supervise the AWA and thereby obviate the need for a permit application.


3. Requirements


Applications should be accompanied by the following:


a) A written motivation for the need to acquire, keep and use sodium pentobarbitone without veterinary supervision. This motivation must include evidence that no veterinary supervision is available. Applications from Inspectors of the National Council of SPCAs may be exempted from this requirement on condition that a veterinarian in the employ of the NSPCA supports the application;

b) Proof of competency by an SAVC-accredited assessor;

c) Proof that local state and private veterinarians have been made aware of the application; and

d) Failure to comply with any conditions and requirements may result in future applications being denied.

Finalised & approved SAVC, 29 May 2008

This page is too long

Links to African Council websites

Veterinary Statutory Bodies in Africa
http://www.rr-africa.oie.int/en/RC/en_vsbs.html

Veterinary Council of Namibia
http://www.van.org.na/section.php?secid=10

Veterinary Council of Zimbabwe (department of livestock and veterinary services)
http://www.dlvs.gov.zw/

Kenya Veterinary Board
http://kenyavetboard.org/

Veterinary Council of Tanzania
http://www.mifugouvuvi.go.tz/vertinary-council-of-tanzania/

Botswana Veterinary Association
http://www.bva.org.bw/bva_content.php?id=2

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